By Evan Luard
This, the 1st quantity of an enormous paintings, describes the institution of the United international locations, the controversies and debates in the association and the political components surrounding those through the first ten years of its existence.
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Additional info for A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955
It meant in effect that a two-thirds majority was required to change the proposals of the great powers. The result was that some features of the Charter were accepted which would never have come into being if the Conference had started from scratch. Because discussion began from the Dumbarton Oaks plan, the Charter emerged rather as a 44 A History of the United Nations variation of this theme than as an independently conceived creation. The surprising feature of the Conference is not that the Charter as it finally emerged was so close to the Dumbarton Oaks draft - for in the final resort, the Big Four, if only they kept united, had only to dig in their heels and threaten non-eo-operation to make this inevitable - it is that, with a few notable exceptions, all the essential features of that draft were accepted almost without resistance, even without serious challenge, from the rest.
But he immediately proceeded to raise the issue of membership for each of the sixteen Soviet republics. The close juxtaposition seemed to imply that there was a linkage between the two issues. Using the analogy of the British Commonwealth countries, which had successively acquired independence and separate voting rights, he went on to announce that the Soviet government would be prepared to accept, as a first step, that only two or three of the republics should be given separate membership. Roosevelt was still cool to the proposal, substantially though the Soviet demands had been scaled down, and proposed that the matter should be left to the founding conference to decide.
The most they were willing to allow was that a special conference to review the Charter might be called, free of veto, if demanded by a two-thirds majority. It was agreed that after ten years the possibility of holding such a conference should be considered, but a Canadian proposal that a conference would anyway be held at that time was turned down. The dominant role accorded to the Council at Dumbarton Oaks was maintained. The powers of the Security Council in securing the peaceful settlement of disputes were even strengthened.
A History of the United Nations: Volume 1: The Years of Western Domination, 1945–1955 by Evan Luard