By William Edward Maxwell
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Additional resources for A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay
3 English. MANUAL OF THE MALAY LANGUAGE. 31 The groups of words remaining to be noticed are those connected with the Hindu religion, and with the demonworship or spirit-worship, which was the earliest form which the religious sentiment took among the Malay tribes. 1 After the conversion of the Malays to the faith of Muhammad, the Hinduism were gradually confused with the aboriginal superstitions, and neither have been entirely obliThe belief in terated by the cult which superseded them. traditions of the power of malignant spirits to cause misfortune, sickness, and death is still strong among the Malays, whose pawangs or medicine-men claim to be able to propitiate demons by These men frequently invoke spells, prayers, and offerings.
Adek (younger brother). Inche (sir or madam), to respectable persons of either sex. Examples. When I If did you arrive ? (to a haji) Bila-mana tuan sudah tibaf must ask one thing of you (to a raja) Sahaya handak minta satu kapada tunku. you give the order (to a chief) Jikalau datoh suroh. not be angry (to an elderly man) Jangan abang marah. Do Please help yourselves to water (to guests of various ranks) tuan-tuan, inche- inche sakalian, sila berayer. The use of the word lu, Datoh-datoh, a form of the second person sin- gular, derived from the Chinese, and generally used by Europeans, is offensive to Malays of all classes, and is altogether to be avoided.
Maha-Meru, or Sumeru, on which are the abodes of the placed by Hindu geographers in the centre of the Malaya is mentioned in the Puranas as a mountain in which the Godavari and other rivers take their rise. The gods, is earth. white bull of Sang Sapurba is evidently the vahan of Qiva, and the name of the sword bears a close resemblance to manda-kini, the name given in heaven to the sacred Ganges, Most Hindu purely which springs from the head of Qiva. of the incidents in the story, therefore, are of origin, and this gives great probability to the conjecture which assigns a The Straits of Malacca Sanskrit source to the word Malayu.
A Manual of Malay Language, with the Introductory Sketch of the Sanskrit Element in Malay by William Edward Maxwell