By Simin Karimi
This learn addresses the issues scrambling langauges supply for the prevailing syntactic theories by way of interpreting the interplay of semantic and discourse useful elements with syntactic houses of observe order during this form of languages, and through discussing the consequences of this interplay for common Grammar. 3 interrelated targets are rigorously during this paintings. the 1st is to research the syntactic constitution of Persian, a language which indicates unfastened note order. With this research, the writer has accounted for the relative order of labeled expressions, the incentive for his or her attainable rearrangements, and the grammatical result of these reorderings. during this appreciate, a extensive variety of significant syntactic phenomena, together with item shift, Case, prolonged Projection precept (EPP), binding, and scope interpretation of quantifiers, interrogative words, adverbial words, and damaging components are tested. This monograph is the 1st significant theoretical paintings ever released on Persian, and for that reason fills the present hole by means of delivering perception into the syntactic constitution of this language. the second one aim is to attach those insights to comparable linguistic homes in languages during which scrambling happens (e.g. German, Dutch, Hindi, Russian, eastern, and Korean), and to supply a deeper figuring out of this staff of genetically diversified, yet typologically similar languages. the ultimate and primary aim is to situate the result of this paintings in the framework of the Minimalist application (MP). The investigations during this learn point out that scrambling isn't really an not obligatory rule, and that sure ideas of MP, corresponding to the minimum hyperlink , are just likely violated in those languages. in addition, it truly is proven that cautious research of scrambling with recognize to binding and scope kinfolk, and a reanalysis of the homes of A and A' pursuits, solid a few doubts at the relevance of a typology of flow in usual language.
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Additional resources for A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian
Assuming a nonconfigurational status for Japanese, Hale (1980) and Farmer (1980) propose the following phrase structure rule for this language20. ) However, Whitman (1982) and Saito (1985) have shown that Japanese phrase structure cannot be flat. Their analyses are based on syntactic asymmetries between the external and internal arguments (Williams 1981, Marantz 1981). Saito discusses the following syntactic asymmetries between the subject and the object in Japanese: a. There are idioms consisting of a transitive verb + object, but not verb + subject, b.
Grammatical Glosses Pl = plural, ind = indefinite, dur = duration, sg = singular rel = relative, neg = negation, part = particle, subj = subjunctive Notes 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 31 Ez = Ezafe particle. Ezafe construction is a DP consisting of the head (an element with the feature [+N] such as N or A), its modifier(s), an optional possessor DP, and the Ezafe particle e that is structurally utilized as a link between the head and its modifier. For different analyses of Ezafe Constructions see Samiian (1983, 1994), Karimi and Brame (1986), and Ghomeshi (1996, 1997a) Studies by traditional grammarians have considered Modern Persian a verb final language (Foroughi (1944), Boyle 1966; Khanlari 1976; Vazinpour 1977; Lazard 1992).
2. There is no definite article in Persian. Thus O+râ receives a definite interpretation in the absence of an indefinite determiner. 3. Râ appears as -o and -ro in colloquial language. See Karimi (1990, 1996, and 2003c) and Ghomeshi (1997b) for analyses of this element. 4. Grammatical Glosses Pl = plural, ind = indefinite, dur = duration, sg = singular rel = relative, neg = negation, part = particle, subj = subjunctive Notes 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 31 Ez = Ezafe particle.
A Minimalist Approach to Scrambling: Evidence from Persian by Simin Karimi