By Kenneth L. McKay
In fresh many years it's been more and more well-known that the varieties of the verb in historic Greek, together with that of the hot testomony, don't sign time (past, current, future), yet point (the approach each one task is considered when it comes to its context). using the recent insights, this ebook bargains a concise and obviously acknowledged account of ways the verb works within the syntax of latest testomony Greek. Its technique is pragmatic, with emphasis on context instead of concept. it may be learn as a coherent account, and its 4 indexes additionally make it a convenient reference publication.
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Extra resources for A New Syntax of the Verb in New Testament Greek: An Aspectual Approach (Studies in Biblical Greek)
A few verbs are found with two external accusative objects, as in Mt 27:31 e£e8ixjav auTov T T ) V x ^ i i u S a Hal €V€8uoai> airrdv T O I p d n a ai»Toi), they took the cloak off him and dressed him in his clothes, and 1 Co 3:2 ydXa u p a s eiroTiaa, / gave you milk to drink. These retain something of the greater freedom in the use of the accusative which apparently applied at a much earlier period, and when such a verb is used in the passive, one of the accusatives may still be found with it.
1 Co 15:4 Kdi 6tl eyriyepTaL ttj r p e p a ttj TpLTTj, and that he rose on the third day (and remains risen). The emphasis is still on the state rather than the event, but the flexibility of the language permits the addition of an adverbial phrase which would usually accom pany the aorist which might have been used here. 1 1. For a demonstration that this is not simply confusion of perfect and aorist values see M c K . , 314-322. 4. When a verb in the perfect aspect has an accusative object the state being signalled by the verb is still that of the subject, although it is usually a logical implication of the context that the object is also in a (passive) state.
2. This special involvement of the subject sometimes appears to be di rectly reflexive, but mostly the direct reflexive idea is expressed by means of the reflexive pronoun as object of an active or middle verb, so the mid dle without direct reflexive object may often be taken as simply intransitive or as permissive (letting something be done to one): 1 Co 6:11 dXXd direXouaaoGc, but you had a wash (washed yourselves, let yourselves be washed); 1 Co 14:8 T L ? 5). 5). 3. In some middle verbs the reflexive notion is reciprocal: SiaXeyopai, / converse with, although by NT times this had developed to / discourse, I address; Mt 26:4 Kai ouv€|k)uXeuaai>TO, and they took counsel together (advised one another); pdxopai, / fight, exchange blows (but this can also be explained as fight in my own interest).
A New Syntax of the Verb in New Testament Greek: An Aspectual Approach (Studies in Biblical Greek) by Kenneth L. McKay