By Alan Farmer
The fourth version of this bestselling name charts the process British overseas coverage from the top of the 1st international conflict and the Treaty of Versailles, to the social and monetary results of the second one international warfare. there's a specific concentration and research of the problem of appeasement during the interval, specially within the run-up to the second one global battle. Public opinion and the position of key members is explored all through and the narrative concludes with an interpretation of the factors of and purposes for British international rules around the period.
Throughout the ebook, key dates, phrases and concerns are highlighted, and ancient interpretations of key debates are defined. precis diagrams are incorporated to consolidate wisdom and realizing of the interval, and exam-style questions and suggestions written by means of examiners give you the chance to enhance examination skills.
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Additional info for Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960
Indeed most Labour and Liberal politicians rejected the use of force as an instrument of policy and pressed for disarmament. A spate of anti-war literature – poems, plays and autobiographies – in the 1920s and 1930s condemned the futility and wastefulness of the First World War. A number of anti-war organisations – the National Peace Council, the League of Nations Union and the Peace Pledge Union – sprang up and seemed to be gaining in strength. In October 1933 in the East Fulham by-election, a Conservative candidate who advocated increased defence spending was defeated by a paciﬁst Labour opponent.
In 1922 Turkish forces launched a major offensive. Greek resistance collapsed and the Turks threatened the British forces occupying the international zone of the Straits. Lloyd George seemed prepared to go to war to defend the Straits, even though Britain could expect no help from France and only lukewarm support from the Dominions. 3: The Middle East Mandates shared by Britain and France (former possessions of the Ottoman Empire). British Empire ARABIA French Empire Middle Eastern oilfields being developed after First World War 28 | British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a Cost?
In order to protect its industries, Britain abandoned free trade and turned to imperial preference. The Import Duties Act in February 1932 imposed a 10 per cent tax on most imported goods, except those from the British Empire. The Ottawa Conference in July 1932 led to Britain and the Dominions agreeing to establish an imperial economic bloc, protecting their trade by a system of quotas and import duties. Support for disarmament The National Government, committed to restoring sound ﬁnances, was anxious to reduce defence spending.
Access to History. British Foreign Affairs: Saving Europe at a cost? 1919-1960 by Alan Farmer