By Frederick Noronha, Jeremy Malcolm
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The first is a reactive or responsive programme, whereby it advocates for fairer laws and policies affecting access to knowledge. An example of this first programme is when the A2K movement fights against industry’s misuse of DRM to lock out fair uses of copyright material, and opposes laws that support industry’s attempts to do so. The second is a proactive or positive programme, whereby it puts forward alternatives to traditional industry-led models of content development and distribution. An example of that is the promotion of Creative Commons content licensing and legal peer-to-peer distribution.
Org/ • Of historical interest are the archived resources of the Consumer Project on Technology (now Knowledge Ecology International). This includes information on the draft A2K Treaty; the Paris Accord; the WIPO Development Agenda; the Geneva Declaration on the Future of WIPO; Broad/Web and Cablecasting Protection; Open Document Format and more. org/a2k • Intellectual Property Watch is an independent reporting service on international IP policymaking, available online and in hard copy by subscription.
Negative effects of software patenting include the risk of some fundamental standards of computing and the Internet becoming encumbered, and the free development of open source software being stifled. The first of these negative effects has been highlighted by the opportunistic attempts of many patent holders to lay claim to some of the fundamental building blocks of the infrastructure of the Internet. Unisys, for example, only began to enforce its patent for the LZW compression algorithm used in GIF format graphic files after those files became a de facto standard image format for the World Wide Web.
Access to Knowledge: A Guide for Everyone by Frederick Noronha, Jeremy Malcolm