By Istvan Egresi
This booklet takes stock of and evaluates the to be had assets for the advance of different tourism in Turkey. It examines the function of different tourism in destiny tourism improvement plans and proposes public regulations essential to guarantee sustainability. even though tourism began later in Turkey than within the Western Mediterranean nations it has grown very quickly over the past 3 many years and at the present time the rustic ranks one of the best ten international locations on the earth by way of either arrivals and receipts. despite the fact that, lots of the tourism improvement has been within the mass tourism zone or the so-called sun-sea-sand tourism. whereas the most important for the industrial improvement of Turkey, mass tourism, within the absence of right making plans, has occurred in a haphazard demeanour resulting in quite a few environmental and socio-cultural difficulties. This ebook argues that, with the intention to mitigate those difficulties, Turkey may still inspire the improvement of other kinds of tourism.
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Extra resources for Alternative Tourism in Turkey: Role, Potential Development and Sustainability
An analysis of contributions of international inbound tourism to the Turkish economy. Tourism Economics, 5(3), 217–250. , & Jenkins, C. L. (1996). Regional planning approaches to tourism development: The case of Turkey. Tourism Management, 17, 519–531. , & Fyall, A. (2008). Marketing philosophies: Evidence from Turkey. Annals of Tourism Research, 35(1), 127–147. , & Timothy, D. (2001). Shortcomings in planning approaches to tourism development in developing countries: The case of Turkey. International Journal of Contemporary Hospitality Management, 13, 352–359.
Although “sustainable development” and “sustainability” sound similar, they are not. There is a slight and subtle difference between the two. “Sustainability” refers to the goal to be achieved, the end state in which complete balance is achieved among the economic, environmental, and social factors. “Sustainable development” is the way (or strategy) to achieve sustainability. There are two approaches to sustainability: weak and strong sustainability. Supporters of the weak sustainability approach argue that technology will be able to overcome resource exhaustion and environmental degradation.
As stated by Kabasakal and Bodur (1998), strategic planning and a proactive approach to management, coordination, and teamwork are not common features in the business culture of governments and private organizations in Turkey. Consistent with this, Okumus and Karamustafa (2005) conclude that countries such as Turkey must ﬁrst develop and implement sound regional and national tourism plans that must then be integrated into the establishment of crisis management strategies because most of the problems faced by Turkish tourism have been due to the failure to plan and implement strategies for sustainable tourism development.
Alternative Tourism in Turkey: Role, Potential Development and Sustainability by Istvan Egresi